Follow Haven’t you heard? Nobody just watches TV anymore — you have to be playing with a smartphone or tablet the whole time. So while you’re “watching” the Super Bowl this year, here’s a list of apps you can use. Super Bowl XLVI Official NFL Game Program (free) This is the official Super Bowl XLVI game program, similar to the one you’d get if you were at the actual game. Since it’s a digital version, though, it features a bunch of additional content from the 2011 NFL season, past super Bowls and more. The app is free.
Download: Super Bowl XLVI Commemorative App ($2.99) If you’re a little bit more serious about the big game, this official app has been cobbled together by NFL Magazine and “includes each team’s road to Super Bowl XLVI, a breakdown of the game, written recaps and key stats.” After the game ends, you’ll get access to video highlights “as well as interviews, pictures, animated plays, stadium shots and much more.” Download: New England Patriots 2011 (free) The official app of the New England Patriots includes news, stats, interviews, a live blog, fan club locator, cheerleader photos and more. Download: New York Giants Mobile (free) The official app of the New York Giants includes news, videos, photos, podcasts, stats, social media aggregation and more. Download: NFL Pro Tweets (free) This app comes from the NFL Players Association and pulls in tweets directly from NFL players who are active on Twitter. It’s a Twitter app unto itself, as well, so you can use it to post your own tweets. There’s no Android version, unfortunately, but the iPhone version is free. Download: Shazam (free) Shazam is for music right? But you may have noticed little Shazam icons starting to pop up on your TV during commercials.
Use the app to tag ads running during the Super Bowl – “almost half” will be “Shazam-enabled” – and you’ll have a chance to win cars, gift cards and exclusive content. Download: Super Ads: Super Bowl Commercials ($1.99) Speaking of ads, this $2 app will corral all of this year’s Super Bowl commercials and includes popular Super Bowl ads going back to 2006. It’s iPhone-only – sorry, Android users. Download: Air Horn! (free) What are you going to do when your team scores? Yell like a Neanderthal?
Feb 10, 2017. Fans can pose beside the Patriots fifth Lombardi Trophy Friday to Sunday with admission to The Hall at Patriot Place presented by Raytheon.
The upper crust of society – that’s you – relies on the tried and true air horn. Though both the Android and iPhone versions go by the same name, they’re actually from different developers. Both are free and both include access to multiple horns – the Android version has a much wider variety, though. Download: ( MORE: ).
The generic Super Bowl logo used since in 2011, showcasing the. First played January 15, 1967; 50 years ago ( 1967-01-15) Trophy Recent and upcoming games (February 5, 2017) 34 28 (OT) (February 4, 2018) The Super Bowl is the annual game of the (NFL). The game is the culmination to a that begins in the late summer of the previous calendar year. Normally, are used to identify each game, rather than the year in which it is held. For example, was played on January 15, 1967, following the. The sole exception to this naming convention tradition occurred with, which was played on February 7, 2016, following the, and the following year, the nomenclature returned to Roman numerals for, following the. The next upcoming game will be, scheduled for February 4, 2018, to follow the.
The game was created as part of a between the NFL and its then-rival league, the (AFL). It was agreed that the two leagues' champion teams would play in the AFL–NFL Game until the merger was to officially begin in 1970. After the merger, each league was redesignated as a ', and the game has since been played between the conference champions to determine the NFL's league champion. Currently, the (NFC) leads the league with 26 wins to 25 wins for the (AFC). The have the most Super Bowl championship titles, with six.
The have the most Super Bowl appearances, with nine. And both have five Super Bowl rings, which is the record for the most rings won by a single player. The day on which the Super Bowl is played, now considered by some as an unofficial American, is called '. It is the second-largest day for U.S.
Food consumption, after. In addition, the Super Bowl has frequently been of the year; the seven most-watched broadcasts in U.S. Television history are Super Bowls.
In 2015, became the most-watched American television program in history with an average audience of 114.4 million viewers, the fifth time in six years the game had set a record, starting with the, which itself had taken over the number-one spot held for 27 years by the. The Super Bowl is also among the most-watched sporting events in the world, almost all audiences being North American, and is second to 's final as the most watched annual sporting event worldwide. The NFL restricts the use of its 'Super Bowl'; it is frequently called the Big Game or other generic terms by non-sponsoring corporations. Because of the high viewership, is the most expensive of the year, leading to companies regularly developing their most expensive advertisements for this broadcast.
As a result, watching and discussing the broadcast's commercials has become a significant aspect of the event. In addition, popular singers and musicians including,,,,,,,, and have performed during the event's pre-game and. Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Origin [ ] For four decades after its 1920 inception, the NFL successfully fended off several rival leagues. However, in 1960, it encountered its most serious competitor when the (AFL) was formed. The AFL vied heavily with the NFL for both players and fans, but by the middle of the decade the strain of competition led to serious merger talks between the two leagues. Prior to the 1966 season, the NFL and AFL reached a that was to take effect for the. As part of the merger, the champions of the two leagues agreed to meet in a world championship game for professional until the merger was effected.
A is a post-season game. The original 'bowl game' was the in, which was first played in 1902 as the 'Tournament East-West football game' as part of the and moved to the new in 1923. The stadium got its name from the fact that the game played there was part of the Tournament of Roses and that it was shaped like a bowl, much like the in; the Tournament of Roses football game itself eventually came to be known as the Rose Bowl Game. Exploiting the Rose Bowl Game's popularity, post-season college football contests were created for Miami (the ), New Orleans (the ), and (the ) in 1935, and for (the ) in 1937. By the time the first Super Bowl was played, the term 'bowl' for any major American football game was well established. The Packers defeated the Chiefs in the first AFL–NFL Championship Game (Super Bowl I), owner of the AFL's, first used the term 'Super Bowl' to refer to the NFL-AFL championship game in the merger meetings.
Hunt later said the name was likely in his head because his children had been playing with a toy; a vintage example of the ball is on display at the in, Ohio. In a July 25, 1966, letter to NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle, Hunt wrote, 'I have kiddingly called it the 'Super Bowl,' which obviously can be improved upon.' The leagues' owners chose the name 'AFL–NFL Championship Game', but in July 1966 the Kansas City Star quoted Hunt in discussing 'the Super Bowl — that's my term for the championship game between the two leagues', and the media immediately began using the term. Although the league stated in 1967 that 'not many people like it', asking for suggestions and considering alternatives such as 'Merger Bowl' and, the Associated Press reported that 'Super Bowl' 'grew and grew and grew-until it reached the point that there was Super Week, Super Sunday, Super Teams, Super Players, ad infinitum'. 'Super Bowl' became official beginning with the third annual game. Were first affixed for the fifth edition, in January 1971. The Jets were the first AFL team to win a Super Bowl (Super Bowl III), defeating the Colts.
After the NFL's won the first two Super Bowls, some team owners feared for the future of the merger. At the time, many doubted the competitiveness of AFL teams compared with their NFL counterparts, though that perception changed when the AFL's defeated the NFL's in in Miami. One year later, the AFL's defeated the NFL's 23–7 in in New Orleans, which was the final AFL-NFL World Championship Game played before the merger. Beginning with the 1970 season, the NFL realigned into two conferences; the former AFL teams plus three NFL teams (the Colts,, and ) would constitute the (AFC), while the remaining NFL clubs would form the (NFC). The champions of the two conferences would play each other in the Super Bowl. The winning team receives the, named after the of the, who won the first two Super Bowl games and three of the five preceding in 1961, 1962, and 1965. Following Lombardi's death in September 1970, the trophy was named the Vince Lombardi Trophy.
The first trophy awarded under the new name was presented to the Baltimore Colts following their win in in Miami. Date [ ] The Super Bowl is currently played on the first Sunday in February. This is due to the NFL current schedule which consists of the opening weekend of the season being held immediately after (the first Monday in September), the 17-week (where teams each play 16 games and have one ), the first three rounds of the, and the Super Bowl two weeks after the two Conference Championship Games. This schedule has been in effect since in February 2004. The date of the Super Bowl can thus be determined from the date of the preceding Labor Day.
For example, Labor Day in 2015 occurred on September 7; therefore the next Super Bowl was scheduled exactly five months later on February 7, 2016. Originally, the game took place in early to mid-January.
For Super Bowl I there was only one round of playoffs: the pre-merger NFL and AFL Championship Games. The addition of two playoff rounds (first in 1967 and then in 1978), an increase in regular season games from 14 to 16 (1978), and the establishment of one bye-week per team (1990) have caused the Super Bowl to be played later. Partially offsetting these season-lengthening effects, simultaneous with the addition of two regular season games in 1978, the season was started earlier. Prior to 1978 the season started as late as September 21. Now, since Labor Day is always the first Monday of September, September 13 is the latest possible date for the first full Sunday set of games (Since 2002, the regular season has started with the on the Thursday after Labor Day). Game history [ ]. Further information: The have won six Super Bowls, the most of any team; the, and have five victories each, while the and have four Super Bowl championships.
Thirteen other NFL franchises have won at least one Super Bowl. Nine teams have appeared in Super Bowl games without a win. The were the first team to have appeared a record four times without a win. The played in a record four Super Bowls in a row, and lost every one.
Four teams (the,,, and ) have never appeared in a Super Bowl. The Browns and Lions both won NFL Championships prior to the creation of the Super Bowl, while the Jaguars (1995) and Texans (2002) are both recent NFL expansion teams. (Detroit, Houston, and Jacksonville, however, have hosted a Super Bowl, leaving the Browns the only team to date who has neither played in nor whose city has hosted the game.) The won the last NFL Championship before the merger, but lost to the AFL champion in Super Bowl IV. 1960s: Early history [ ] The won the first two Super Bowls (Known as the AFL-NFL World Championship Game for these first two contests), defeating the and following the 1966 and 1967 seasons, respectively. The Packers were led by quarterback, who was named the for both games. These two championships, coupled with the Packers' NFL championships in,, and, amount to the most successful stretch in NFL History; five championships in seven years. In, the AFL's defeated the eighteen-point favorite of the NFL, 16–7.
The Jets were led by quarterback (who had famously guaranteed a Jets win prior to the game) and former Colts head coach, and their victory proved that the AFL was the NFL's competitive equal. This was reinforced the following year, when the AFL's defeated the NFL's 23–7 in.
1970s: Dominant franchises [ ] After the was completed in 1970, three franchises – the,, and – would go on to dominate the 1970s, winning a combined eight Super Bowls in the decade. The, now a member of the, would start the decade by defeating the Cowboys in, a game which is notable as being the only Super Bowl to date in which a player from the losing team won the (Cowboys' linebacker ). Beginning with this Super Bowl, all Super Bowls have served as the NFL's league championship game.
The Steelers defeated the Rams in Super Bowl XIV to win an unprecedented four championships in six years. The Cowboys, coming back from a loss the previous season, won over the Dolphins. However, this would be the Dolphins' final loss in over a year, as, the Dolphins would go 14–0 in the regular season and eventually win all of their playoff games, capped off with a 14–7 victory in, becoming the first and only team to finish an entire perfect regular and post season.
The Dolphins would repeat as league champions by winning a year later. In the late 1970s, the Steelers became the first NFL dynasty of the post-merger era by winning four Super Bowls (,,, and ) in six years. They were led by head coach, the play of offensive stars,,,, and, and their dominant ' defense, led by,,,,, and.
The coaches and administrators also were part of the dynasty's greatness as evidenced by the team's 'final pieces' being part of the famous. The selections in that class have been considered the best by any pro franchise ever, as Pittsburgh selected four future Hall of Famers, the most for any team in any sport in a single draft.
The Steelers were the first team to win three and then four Super Bowls and appeared in six during the decade, making the playoffs in eight straight seasons. Nine players and three coaches and administrators on the team have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Pittsburgh still remains the only team to win back-to-back Super Bowls twice and four Super Bowls in a six-year period. The Steelers' dynasty was interrupted only by the ' win and the Cowboys winning their second Super Bowl of the decade.
1980s and 1990s: The NFC's winning streak [ ] In the 1980s and 1990s, the tables turned for the AFC, as the NFC dominated the Super Bowls of the new decade and most of those of the 1990s. The NFC won 16 of the 20 Super Bowls during these two decades, including 13 straight from to. The 49ers playing against the Dolphins in Super Bowl XIX. The most successful team of the 1980s was the, which featured the of Hall of Fame head coach.
This offense was led by three-time Super Bowl MVP and Hall of Fame quarterback, Super Bowl MVP and Hall of Fame wide receiver, running back Roger Craig, and defensive safety/corner back Ronnie Lott. Under their leadership, the 49ers won four Super Bowls in the decade (,,, and ) and made nine playoff appearances between 1981 and 1990, including eight division championships, becoming the second dynasty of the post-merger NFL. The 1980s also produced the, who posted an 18–1 record under head coach; colorful quarterback; and Hall of Fame running back. Their team won in dominating fashion.
The and were also top teams of this period; the Redskins won Super Bowls,, and. The Giants claimed Super Bowls and.
As in the 1970s, the were the only team to interrupt the Super Bowl dominance of other teams; they won Super Bowls and (the latter as the Los Angeles Raiders). Following several seasons with poor records in the 1980s, the rose back to prominence in the 1990s. During this decade, the Cowboys made post-season appearances every year except for the seasons of 1990 and 1997. From 1992 to 1996, the Cowboys won their division championship each year. In this same period, the had made their mark reaching the Super Bowl for a record four consecutive years, only to lose all four. After Super Bowl championships by division rivals New York (1990) and Washington (1991), the Cowboys won three of the next four Super Bowls (,, and ) led by quarterback, running back, and wide receiver.
All three of these players went to the Hall of Fame. The Cowboys' streak was interrupted by the 49ers, who won their league-leading fifth title overall with in dominating fashion under Super Bowl MVP and Hall of Fame quarterback, Hall of Fame wide receiver, and Hall of Fame cornerback; however, the Cowboys' victory in the next year also gave them five titles overall and they did so with after he won the Super Bowl the previous year with the. The NFC's winning streak was continued by the who, under Hall of Fame quarterback, won, their first championship since in the late 1960s.
1997–2009: AFC resurgence [ ] saw quarterback and running back lead the to an upset victory over the defending champion Packers, snapping the NFC's 13-year winning streak. The following year, the Broncos defeated the in, Elway's fifth Super Bowl appearance, his second NFL championship, and his final NFL game. The back-to-back victories heralded a change in momentum in which AFC teams would win nine out of 12 Super Bowls.
In the years between 1995 and 2016, five teams – the Steelers,, Broncos,, and – accounted for 20 of the 22 AFC Super Bowl appearances (including the last 14), with those same teams often meeting each other earlier in the playoffs. In contrast, the NFC saw a different representative in the Super Bowl every season from 2001 through 2010. The year following the Broncos' second victory, however, a surprising team led by undrafted quarterback would close out the 1990s in a wild battle against the in. The tense game came down to the in which Tennessee had the opportunity to tie the game and send it to overtime. The Titans nearly pulled it off, but the tackle of receiver Kevin Dyson by linebacker Mike Jones kept the ball out of the end zone by a matter of inches. In 2007, ESPN would rank 'The Tackle' as the 2nd greatest moment in Super Bowl history.
Super Bowl XXXV was played by the AFC's and the NFC's. The Ravens defeated the Giants by the score of 34–7. The game was played on January 28, 2001, at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida. The became the dominant team throughout the early 2000s, winning the championship three out of four years early in the decade. They would become only the second team in the history of the NFL to do so (after the 1990s ). In, first-year starting quarterback led his team to a 20–17 upset victory over the.
Brady would go on to win the MVP award for this game. The Patriots also won Super Bowls and defeating the and the respectively. This four-year stretch of Patriot dominance was interrupted by the ' 48–21 victory over the. The and continued the era of AFC dominance by winning Super Bowls and in 2005–06 and 2006–07, respectively defeating the and.
In the, the became the fourth team in NFL history to have a perfect unbeaten and untied regular season record, the second in the Super Bowl era after the 1972 Miami Dolphins, and the first to finish 16–0. They easily marched through the AFC playoffs and were heavy favorites in. However, they lost that game to and the 17–14, leaving the Patriots' 2007 record at 18–1. The following season, the Steelers logged their record sixth Super Bowl title () in a 27–23, final-minute victory against the.
The 2009 season saw the defeat the Indianapolis Colts in by a score of 31–17 to take home their first Championship. This made the Saints, along with the and, the only team to go one Super Bowl and win it. 2010–present [ ] The 2010s have seen parity between the two conferences, but not within them. Since the start of 2010, four of the eight Super Bowl winners hailed from the NFC, the other four from the AFC. Following up the Saints' win in, the 2010 season brought the their fourth Super Bowl () victory and record thirteenth NFL championship overall with the defeat of the in February 2011. The Giants won another title after the 2011 season, again defeating the Patriots in.
The snapped the NFC's three-game winning streak by winning in a 34–31 nail-biter over the., played at 's in February 2014, was the first Super Bowl held outdoors in a cold weather environment. The won their first NFL title with a 43–8 defeat of the, in a highly touted matchup that pitted Seattle's top-ranked defense against a Peyton Manning-led Denver offense that had broken the NFL's single-season scoring record.
In, the beat the defending Super Bowl champions, the, 28-24 as intercepted a Seattle pass in the end zone with the Seahawks poised to take the lead. In, the, led by the league's top-ranked defense, defeated the, who had the league's top-ranked offense, in what became the final game of quarterback 's career.
In, the had a 28-3 lead late in the third quarter, but lost to the Patriots, 34–28, in the first Super Bowl to ever end in. The Super Bowls of the late 2000s and early 2010s are notable for the performances (and the pedigrees) of several of the participating quarterbacks, and stagnation (especially on the AFC side) in repeated appearances by the same teams and players. In particular, (seven Super Bowl appearances, five wins), (three appearances, two wins), or (four appearances, two wins) appeared as the AFC team's quarterback in all but two of the Super Bowls between 2002 and 2017. In addition, (two appearances, two wins), (one appearance, one win), (one appearance, one win), and (one appearance, one win) have all added Super Bowl championships and Super Bowl MVP awards to their lists of individual accomplishments. Television coverage and ratings [ ]. The broadcasting compound, full of.
The Super Bowl is one of the most watched annual sporting events in the world, with viewership overwhelmingly domestic. The only other annual event that gathers more viewers is the final. For many years, the Super Bowl has possessed a large US and global television viewership, and it is often the most watched United States originating television program of the year. The game tends to have high, which is usually around a 40 rating and 60 share. This means that on average, more than 100 million people from the United States alone are tuned into the Super Bowl at any given moment.
In press releases preceding each year's event, the NFL typically claims that that year's Super Bowl will have a potential worldwide audience of around one billion people in over 200 countries. This figure refers to the number of people able to watch the game, not the number of people actually watching. However, the statements have been frequently misinterpreted in various media as referring to the latter figure, leading to a common misperception about the game's actual global audience. The New York-based media research firm Initiative measured the global audience for the 2005 Super Bowl at 93 million people, with 98 percent of that figure being viewers in North America, which meant roughly 2 million people outside North America watched the Super Bowl that year. The 2015 holds the record for total number of U.S.
Viewers, with a final number of 114.4 million, making the game the most-viewed television broadcast of any kind in American history. The halftime show was the most watched ever with 118.5 million viewers tuning in, and an all-time high of 168 million viewers in the United States had watched several portions of the Super Bowl 2015 broadcast. The game set a record for total viewers for the fifth time in six years. The highest-rated game according to Nielsen was in 1982, which was watched in 49.1 percent of households (73 share), or 40,020,000 households at the time. Ratings for that game, a San Francisco victory over Cincinnati, may have been aided by a large blizzard that had affected much of the northeastern United States on game day, leaving residents to stay at home more than usual. Super Bowl XVI still ranks fourth on Nielsen's list of top-rated programs of all time, and three other Super Bowls,,, and, made the top ten.
Famous commercial campaigns include the ' campaign, the 1984 introduction of Apple's MacIntosh computer, and the 1999 and 2000 ads. As the television ratings of the Super Bowl have steadily increased over the years, prices have also increased every year, with advertisers paying as much as $3.5 million for a thirty-second spot during in 2012. A segment of the audience tunes into the Super Bowl solely to view. In 2010, Nielsen reported that 51 percent of Super Bowl viewers tune in for the commercials. The Super Bowl halftime show has spawned another set of alternative entertainment such as the, the Beer Bottle Bowl, and others. Since 1991, the Super Bowl has begun between 6:19 and 6:40 PM so that most of the game is played during the hours on the.
Super Bowl on TV [ ]. See also: Network Number broadcast Years broadcast Future scheduled telecasts 7,,,,,, 8,,,,,,,, 2023 18,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 19,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Note: Years listed are the year the game was actually played (will be played) rather than what NFL season it is considered to have been. *: Not currently in the rotation for Super Bowls. **: The extended current TV contracts with the networks expire after the 2022 season (or Super Bowl LVII in early 2023) and the Super Bowl is rotated annually between CBS, Fox and NBC in that order. ***: The first Super Bowl was by CBS and NBC, with each network using the same video feed, but providing its own commentary. Super Bowls I–VI were in the television markets of the host cities, due to league restrictions then in place.
• Game analyst is the only person to broadcast a Super Bowl for each of the four networks that have televised the game (5 with CBS, 3 with Fox, 2 with ABC, 1 with NBC). Lead-out programming [ ]. See also: The Super Bowl provides an extremely strong lead-in to programming following it on the same channel, the effects of which can last for several hours. For instance, in discussing the ratings of a local TV station, Buffalo television critic Alan Pergament noted on the coattails from, which aired on: 'A that ran on Channel 4 () at 2:30 in the morning had a 1.3 rating. That's higher than some prime time shows get on, Channel 4's sister station.' Because of this strong coattail effect, the network that airs the Super Bowl typically takes advantage of the large audience to air an episode of a hit series, or to premiere the pilot of a promising new one in the lead-out slot, which immediately follows the Super Bowl and post-game coverage.
Entertainment [ ]. Madonna performing with during the halftime show. Early Super Bowls featured a halftime show consisting of from local or; but as the popularity of the game increased, a trend where popular singers and musicians performed during its pre-game ceremonies and the, or simply sang the, emerged.
Unlike regular season or playoff games, thirty minutes are allocated for the Super Bowl halftime. After a special live episode of the sketch comedy series caused a drop in viewership for the halftime show, the NFL sought to increase the Super Bowl's audience by hiring A-list talent to perform. They approached, whose performance the following year drew higher figures than the game itself. Another notable performance came during in 2002, when performed; during their third song, ', the band played under a large projection screen which scrolled through names of the victims of the. For many years, 's of the national anthem at in 1991, during the, had long been regarded as one of the best renditions of the anthem in history. The halftime show of attracted, following an incident in which removed a piece of 's top, briefly exposing one of her breasts before the broadcast quickly cut away from the shot. The incident led to fines being issued by the (and a larger crackdown over ' content broadcast on television), and (then a sister to the game's broadcaster that year,, under ) being banned by the NFL from producing the Super Bowl halftime show in the future.
In an effort to prevent a repeat of the incident, the NFL held a moratorium on Super Bowl halftime shows featuring pop performers, and instead invited a single, headlining veteran act, such as,,, and. This practice ended at, which returned to using current pop acts such as and. Excluding, the famous ' advertising campaign took place at every Super Bowl since, when quarterback Phil Simms from the New York Giants became the first player to say the tagline.
The field of in before kickoff. As of, 27 of 51 Super Bowls have been played in three cities: New Orleans (ten times), the area (ten times), and the (seven times). No market or region without an NFL franchise has ever hosted a Super Bowl, and the presence of an NFL team in a market or region is now a requirement for bidding on the game. The winning market is not, however, required to host the Super Bowl in the same stadium that its NFL team uses, and nine Super Bowls have been held in a stadium other than the one the NFL team in that city was using at the time. Los Angeles's last five Super Bowls were all played at the.
No team has ever played the Super Bowl in its home stadium. Two teams have played the Super Bowl in their home market: the, who played in instead of; and the, who played in the Rose Bowl instead of the. Abit Sl30t Motherboard Manual here. In both cases, the stadium in which the Super Bowl was held was perceived to be a better stadium for a large, high-profile event than the stadiums the Rams and 49ers were playing in at the time; this situation has not arisen since 1993, in part because the league has traditionally awarded the Super Bowl in modern times to the newest stadiums. Besides those two, the only other Super Bowl venue that was not the home stadium to an NFL team at the time was in: the had played there previously, but moved to the several years prior to. The was the only AFL stadium to host a Super Bowl and the only stadium to host consecutive Super Bowls, hosting Super Bowls II and III.
Traditionally, the NFL does not award Super Bowls to stadiums that are located in climates with an expected average daily temperature less than 50 °F (10 °C) on game day unless the field can be completely covered by a fixed or retractable roof. Five Super Bowls have been played in northern cities: two in the Detroit area— at in and at in Detroit, one in —, one in at for, and one in the New York area—. Only MetLife Stadium did not have a roof (be it fixed or retractable) but it was still picked as the host stadium for in an apparent waiver of the warm-climate rule. A sixth Super Bowl is planned in a northern city as Minneapolis has been picked to host in 2018 in the roofed. There have been a few instances where the league has rescinded the Super Bowl from cities. In 1993 was originally awarded to in, but after Arizona voters elected not to recognize as a paid state-employee's holiday in 1990, the NFL moved the game to the Rose Bowl in. When voters in Arizona opted to create such a legal holiday in 1992, in 1996 was awarded to Tempe.
Was awarded first to Candlestick Park in San Francisco, but when plans to renovate the stadium fell through the game was moved to in greater Miami. Was awarded to a new stadium not yet built in San Francisco, when that stadium failed to be built, the game was moved to San Diego., slated for February 7, 2010, was withdrawn from New York City's proposed, because the city,, and proposed tenants could not agree on funding. Super Bowl XLIV was then eventually awarded to in. In 2015 was originally given to in, but after two sales taxes failed to pass at the ballot box, and opposition by local business leaders and politicians increased, Kansas City eventually withdrew its request to host the game. Super Bowl XLIX was then eventually awarded to in. In 2011, Texas said, 'It's commonly known as the single largest incident in the United States.' According to, 10,000 prostitutes were brought to Miami in 2010 for the Super Bowl.
Research in 2015 determined that the actual number of prostitutes involved in a typical Super Bowl weekend is less than 100, not statistically higher than any other time of the year, and that the notion of mass increases in human trafficking around the Super Bowl was a politician's myth. Selection process [ ] The location of the Super Bowl is chosen by the NFL well in advance, usually three to five years before the game. Cities place bids to host a Super Bowl and are evaluated in terms of stadium renovation and their ability to host. In 2014, a document listing the specific requirements of Super Bowl hosts was leaked, giving a clear list of what was required for a Super Bowl host. Much of the cost of the Super Bowl is to be assumed by the host community, although some costs are enumerated within the requirements to be assumed by the NFL. Some of the host requirements include: • The host stadium must be in a market that hosts an NFL team and must have a minimum of 70,000 seats, with the media and electrical amenities necessary to produce the Super Bowl.
Stadiums may include temporary seating for Super Bowls, but seating must be approved by the league. Stadiums where the average game day temperature is below 50° Fahrenheit must either have a roof, or a waiver given by the league. There must be a minimum of 35,000 parking spaces within one mile of the stadium. • The host stadium must have space for the Gameday Experience, a large pregame entertainment area, within walking distance of the stadium. • The host city must have space for the NFL Experience, the interactive football theme park which is operated the week prior to the Super Bowl. An indoor venue for the event must have a minimum of 850,000 square feet, and an outdoor venue must have a minimum of 1,000,000 square feet. Additionally, there must be space nearby for the Media Center, and space for all other events involved in the Super Bowl week, including golf courses and bowling alleys.
• The necessary infrastructure must be in place around the stadium and other Super Bowl facilities, including parking, security, electrical needs, media needs, communication needs and transportation needs. • There must be a minimum number of hotel spaces within one hour's drive of the stadium equaling 35% of the stadium's capacity, along with hotels for the teams, officials, media and other dignitaries. (For, the city of Jacksonville docked several luxury cruise liners at their port to act as temporary hotel space. ) • There must be practice space of equal and comparable quality for both teams within a 20-minute drive of the team hotels, and rehearsal space for all events within a reasonable distance to the stadium.
The practice facilities must have one grass field and at least one field of the same surface as the host stadium. • The stadium must have a minimum of 70,000 fixed seats, including club and fixed suite seating, during regular season operations. The NFL owners meet to make a selection on the site, usually three to five years prior to the event. In 2007, NFL commissioner suggested that a Super Bowl might be played in London, perhaps. The game has never been played in a region that lacks an NFL franchise; seven Super Bowls have been played in Los Angeles, but none were held there in the 21-year period when the league had no team in the area.
New Orleans, the site of the 2013 Super Bowl, invested more than $1 billion in infrastructure improvements in the years leading up to the game. Home team designation [ ] The designated ' alternates between the NFC team in odd-numbered games and the AFC team in even-numbered games. This alternation was initiated with the, when the were the designated home team. Regardless of being the home or away team of record, each team has their team painted in one of the.
Designated away teams have won 30 of 51 Super Bowls to date (approximately 59 percent). The are one of five home teams that choose to wear their white jersey in. Since in January 1979, the home team is given the choice of wearing their colored or white. Originally, the designated home team had to wear their colored jerseys, which resulted in donning their less exposed dark blue jerseys for. While most of the home teams in the Super Bowl have chosen to wear their colored jerseys, there have been five exceptions: the Cowboys during and, the during, the during, and the in. The Cowboys, since, have worn white jerseys at home; the Redskins wore white at home under coach starting in through, continued by and through, then again when Gibbs returned from through.
Meanwhile, the Steelers, who have always worn their black jerseys at home since the AFL–NFL merger in, opted for the white jerseys after winning three consecutive playoff games on the road, wearing white. The Steelers' decision was compared with the in; the Patriots had worn white jerseys at home during the season, but after winning road playoff games against the and wearing red jerseys, New England opted to switch to red for the Super Bowl as the designated home team. For the Broncos in Super Bowl 50, Denver general manager simply stated, 'We've had Super Bowl success in our white uniforms'; they previously had been 0–4 in Super Bowls when wearing their orange jerseys. The Broncos' decision is also perceived to be made out of superstition, losing all Super Bowl games with the orange jerseys in terrible fashion.
White-shirted teams have won 33 of 51 Super Bowls to date (65 percent), including 12 of the last 13 Super Bowls. The 49ers, as part of the league's 75th Anniversary celebration, used their 1957 in, which for that year was their regular home jersey. No team has yet worn a or uniform for the Super Bowl. Host cities/regions [ ]. Super Bowl host cities/regions Fifteen different regions have hosted Super Bowls. City/Region No. Hosted Years hosted 11,,,,,,,,,, 10,,,,,,,,, 8,,,,,,, 5,,,, 3,, 3,, 3,, 3,, 2, 2, 2, 1 1 1 1 Note: Years listed are the year the game was actually played (will be played) rather than what NFL season it is considered to have been.
Host stadiums [ ] A total of twenty-six different stadiums, five of which no longer exist and two of which do not yet exist, have hosted or are scheduled to host Super Bowls. Years listed in the table below are the years the game was actually played (will be played) rather than what NFL season it is considered to have been.
Stadium Location No. Hosted Years hosted, 7,,,,,, ‡ 6*,,,,, * ^ 5,,,, 5,,,, ^, 3,,, 3,, Los Angeles 2, ^ 2, ^ 2, 3,, 2, 2, 1 †† 1 † 1 ^ 1 1 1, 1 1 1 1 1 1* 1* 1* ^: Stadium is now demolished.
‡: Miami Gardens became a separate city in 2003. Before that, the stadium had a Miami address. †: The original Stanford Stadium, which hosted Super Bowl XIX, was demolished and replaced with a new stadium in 2006.
††: The Pontiac Silverdome is currently under demolition. * and italics: future Super Bowl venues Future venues: •: (1), (2) •: (1), (3) •: (6), (11) •: (3), (5) •: (1), (8) The game has never been played in a region that lacked an NFL franchise. London, England has occasionally been mentioned as a host city for a Super Bowl in the near future. Has hosted several NFL games as part of the and is specifically designed for large, individual events. NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell has openly discussed the possibility on different occasions.
Complications are a significant obstacle to a Super Bowl in London; a typical 6:30 p.m. Start would result in the game beginning at 11:30 p.m., an unusually late hour to be holding spectator sports (the NFL has never in its history started a game later than 9:15 p.m. As bids have been submitted for all Super Bowls through, the soonest that any stadium outside the NFL's footprint could serve as host would be Super Bowl LVII in 2023. Super Bowl trademark [ ] The NFL is very active on stopping what it says is unauthorized commercial use of its trademarked terms 'NFL', 'Super Bowl', and '. As a result, many events and promotions tied to the game, but not sanctioned by the NFL, are asked to refer to it with colloquialisms such as 'The Big Game', or other generic descriptions.
A radio spot for nuts parodied this, by saying 'it would be super.to have a bowl.of Planters nuts while watching the big game!' And comedian began referring to the game in 2014 as the 'Superb Owl'. In 2015, the NFL filed opposition with the USPTO Trademark Trial and Appeal Board to a trademark application submitted by an Arizona-based nonprofit for 'Superb Owl'. The NFL claims that the use of the phrase 'Super Bowl' implies an NFL affiliation, and on this basis the league asserts broad rights to restrict how the game may be shown publicly; for example, the league says Super Bowl showings are prohibited in churches or at other events that 'promote a message', while venues that do not regularly show sporting events cannot show the Super Bowl on any television screen larger than 55 inches. Some critics say the NFL is exaggerating its ownership rights by stating that 'any use is prohibited', as this contradicts the broad doctrine of.
Legislation was proposed by Senator in 2008 'to provide an exemption from exclusive rights in copyright for certain nonprofit organizations to display live football games', and 'for other purposes'. In 2004, The NFL started issuing Cease and Desist letters to casinos in Las Vegas that were hosting Super Bowl parties.
'Super Bowl' is a registered trademark, owned by the NFL, and any other business using that name for profit-making ventures is in violation of federal law, according to the letters. In reaction to the letters, many Vegas resorts, rather than discontinue the popular and lucrative parties, started referring to them as 'Big Game Parties.' In 2006, the NFL made an attempt to trademark 'The Big Game' as well; however, it withdrew the application in 2007 due to growing commercial and public-relations opposition to the move, mostly from and the and their fans, as the and teams compete in the, which has been played since 1892 (28 years before the formation of the NFL and 75 years before ).
Additionally, the lottery game was known as The Big Game from 1996 to 2002. Use of the phrase 'world champions' [ ].
Main article: Like the other major professional leagues in the United States, the winner of the Super Bowl is usually declared 'world champions', a title often mocked by non-Americans. Others feel the title is fitting, since it is the only professional league of its kind. The practice by the U.S. Major leagues of using the 'World Champion' moniker originates from the of professional, [ ] and it was later used during the first three Super Bowls when they were referred to as AFL-NFL World Championship Games. The phrase is still engraved on the.
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