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Grammar for Students of French. 6th edition by Jacqueline Morton. REVIEW EXERCISES. The Olivia and Hill Press. 3460 East Ellsworth Rd. After studying the section on partitive articles, circle which of the nouns below are count nouns (C) and which are non-count nouns (N).
Yorkshire and the Humber region in England Largest city Government • Area • Total 5,950 sq mi (15,420 km 2) Area rank 5th Population (2011) • Total 5,284,000 • Rank 7th • Density 890/sq mi (340/km 2) • Total £101 billion • Per capita £16,880 () UKE E12000003 Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official at the of for purposes. It comprises most of (,, the including, the of and the ), and. It does not include. The population in 2011 was 5,284,000. The committees for the regions, including the one for Yorkshire and the Humber, ceased to exist upon the dissolution of Parliament on 12 April 2010; they were not re-established by the newly elected House. Regional ministers were not reappointed by the incoming, and the Government Offices were abolished in 2011.
Further information: and, is the highest dam in UK at 73 metres, and Dean Head cutting is the deepest roadway in Europe at 183 ft, at, on the M62. Claims to be longest place name in England. Geology [ ] In the Yorkshire and the Humber region, there is a very close relationship between the major areas and the underlying geology. The chain of hills in the west is of origin. The central vale is. The in the north-east of the county are in age, while the and to the south east are chalk uplands.
The highest point of the region is, in the, at 737 metres (2,418 ft). The main rivers of Yorkshire. The region is by several rivers. In western and central Yorkshire, the many rivers empty their waters into the, which reaches the via the. The most northerly of the rivers in the Ouse system is the, which drains before passing through and meandering across the. Next, draining, is the, which joins the Swale east of Boroughbridge. The rises on the edge of the and flows along before reaching the.
The Ouse is the name given to the river after its confluence with the Ure at Ouse Gill Beck. The, which drains, joins the Ouse upstream of. The Rivers and are more southerly contributors to the River Ouse. The most southerly Yorkshire tributary is the, which flows northwards to join the main river.
The rises on the North York Moors, flows south then westwards through the, then turns south again to drain the eastern part of the Vale of York. It empties into the River Ouse. In the far north of the county, the flows eastwards through and empties its waters into the North Sea downstream of. The smaller flows from west to east at the northern foot of the North York Moors to reach the sea. To the east of the Yorkshire Wolds, the flows southwards to join the Humber Estuary. The western Pennines are served by the, which drains westwards into the close to.
The lower stretches of the flow through North Lincolnshire and meet the Ouse at; the drains into the Humber Estuary. The was designed based on ideas by Sir before the 1950s, then Sir in 1955 and 1964, and a final complete design. It was made with a significant amount of. The largest freshwater lake in the region is in the. Climate [ ] This region of generally has cool summers and relatively mild winters, with the upland areas of the and the experiencing the coolest weather and the the warmest. Weather conditions vary from day to day as well as from season to season.
The latitude of the area means that it is influenced by predominantly westerly winds with depressions and their associated fronts, bringing with them unsettled and windy weather, particularly in winter. Between depressions, there are often small mobile anticyclones that bring periods of fair weather.
In winter bring cold dry weather. In summer the anticyclones tend to bring dry, settled conditions which can lead to drought.
For its latitude, this area is mild in winter and cooler in summer due to the influence of the in the northern. Air temperature varies on a daily and seasonal basis. Cities such as Sheffield, Leeds, and Bradford are generally cooler due to their inland and upland location, while York, Hull, and Wakefield are warmer due to their lowland location. The temperature is usually lower at night; January is the coldest time of the year and July is usually the warmest month.
Snow is not uncommon in the winter, Yorkshire is mostly hilly/mountainous, and the Yorkshire Dales and the Pennines can have extreme snowstorms with high snowdrifts. Inland/upland settlements, such as Skipton or Ilkley, have more snow than coastal towns. Hull and Scarborough have less snow as their weather is moderated by the ocean.
See also: There are seven in Yorkshire and the Humber:,,,,, and. Large towns in the area include,,,, and. Leeds is the largest settlement and the largest part of an urban area with a population of 1.5 million. Leeds is now one of the largest financial centres in the United Kingdom. Sheffield is the second-largest settlement and is a large manufacturing centre. Bradford is the third-largest city and was traditionally a textile manufacturing city.
The decline of this industry as jobs moved offshore has resulted in a more diverse economy, as Bradford has developed new directions. Kingston upon Hull is the main port in the region and historically a notable fishing harbour. While cities such as Bradford, Leeds and Sheffield grew during the industrial revolution, older cities in the region, such as Wakefield and York, were established in trade and politics before them. The is in central Leeds, commonly referred to as The. Built in 2007, at 361 feet it is the 34th tallest building in the UK.
The 37-storey in Leeds is the world's second-tallest student accommodation building at 338 feet, and the second tallest building in the region, and the UK's 42nd tallest building, built in 2009. The 32-storey is now the at 331 feet.
The at 249 feet is the tallest hospital in the UK outside of London, and was built in 1979. List of cities and towns [ ]. This section needs additional citations for. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Harry Brearley, inventor of stainless steel; in 1821,, a French mining engineer, had also found that adding to steel made it more resistant to chemical attack was invented in 1913 by of Sheffield, working for (now called ). Is the most common stainless steel today, invented by Dr FRS in 1924 at Firth-Vickers known as Staybrite 18/8, a chromium-nickel steel. Many Swiss watches were mostly made out of Staybrite.
Had been invented in the 1740s by of in (part of the region); previously steel was made by the; the 1856 allowed much more steel to be made. Sheffield early steel used Swedish as it had less. The fast acting tilting was a huge improvement in 1860 for Sheffield steel; the process meant high-phosphorus from local mines could be used.
At one point, Sheffield was producing 10,000 tons of steel a week. The, when working at in Sheffield, invented for for.
Metallurgists at Firth-Vickers developed the heat-resistant stainless steel (Rex 78) for the of 's first engines, and Britain's first jet aircraft. Of Yorkshire developed the first-ever iron-framed buildings (industrial mills). Sir invented in 1882, and, which allowed the development of and consequently electricity; the Hadfields site is now.
Of Leeds built the first commercially successful () in 1812. The at built Britain's most famous steam trains, for the, then (from 1923).
The was the UK's longest electrified railway in 1953 when opened. What is now West Yorkshire in the nineteenth century was the heart of, often using and by connections to the important. Of Barnsley was important in the development of, and also developed the in 1795 and in 1778 the.
Former Coal House in Doncaster; the peak production of was in 1913, when 9% of the country's male labour force worked down the pit; in the 1970s Britain consumed 2m tonnes of coal a week, which was strategically reduced by reliance on from Leeds invented in 1824; when mixed with and sand, this produced concrete. Was a famous civil engineer from Leeds, and notable for building the first modern-day lighthouse () and for developing (it is able to set under water), which would lead to. Sir, of Rotherham, invented the which was important in the of the Second World War for crossing rivers; the design took place in 1940 at the in ( before 1974).
The was built in 1891 in Hull and produced Britain's first; it became part of (RHM) in 1962. Smith & Nephew launched in 1928; since 1992 this has been owned by the German company. Of Leeds invented the in 1898.
Was headquartered in the south of Harrogate; the site is now known as. The (NCB) was based at on the A18., founder of, was born in Skipton in 1851. Was founded in 1964 in Sheffield, part of a shop, itself owned by; Topshop became an independent chain in 1973. York's Chocolate Story in central York; on 28 April 1942 in the intense, the factory in North Street received a direct hit and all of its sugar caught fire From 1945 to 2002 all the for were made by off the A61 in the south of Barnsley.
Since 2006, for the UK's railways have been made at, and much is made for Europe's railways (mainly France, although rolled at )., first made in 1932, are now made since 2005 by Kraft Foods Polska at in, having been bought by in 1993;, first made in York in 1937, since 2006 are made at, with the brand being owned by since 1988; the site also makes Kit Kat, first made in 1935 and named in 1937, and After Eight, first made in 1962. Mackintosh's of Halifax invented in 1936, in 1937, in 1957, in 1959, and in 1963. Rowntree's invented in 1893, in 1935, being still made in York on Road, and in 1948 (although actually developed before WWII). The 's 400 kV was first tested on 15 December 1963 when connected on a 64-mile (previous 275kV) line to substation (near the Selby Fork junction); the 420-ton transformers at either end were from. The first section of the (first) 275kV supergrid opened in 1951 from (Nottinghamshire) to (), west of Wath-upon-Dearne. Main article:, born near Huddersfield in 1927 and attended in Bradford, invented the in 1970 at the (US).
(1832–1905), from Sheffield and moved to America, founded his in 1879 and was the first to develop sheets of coated with for making films in 1888, and for 's around 1890, which set the standard for and still cameras., shot on 14 October 1888 by, is the oldest surviving film in existence; appeared after 1927. Of of York invented the in 1893 to stop, and allow fine definition up to the outer edge of lenses. Prof Sir developed at Hull, when working for the () in Malvern, developing it with the substance in 1973; the (a similar purpose) was invented in Japan in 1967. Born Selby, educated in Beverley, discovered and in 1803; the two are atomic numbers 76 and 77, with osmium being the densest naturally occurring element, and iridium is the next densest. The worldwide deposition of at the, and that locally of in the, led to a theory by in 1980 of an at the end of the period, known as the, that the dinosaurs.
Was an important physicist from, who discovered how stars, and originated the phrase in 1949. An expanding universe (and consequent Big Bang) was first proposed by of Belgium to overcome 's 1917 of a, and was only widely accepted after the 1930s. The clergyman, a vicar of, was the first person to calculate a realistic distance of stars, observed in the, from Earth.
As early as the 18th century he was also the first to propose that light from the stars could be deflected by their own gravity, and has been described as the father of and magnetometry. Of Reckitt & Colman at Hull in 1963 discovered his (orvinols), which included, which for many years was the most-powerful, and is the drug most often used to safely immobilise elephants and other large animals, and is now manufactured solely by of Edinburgh. Prof and developed for in 1959.
At the former in the north-west of the city centre on 25 November 1930,, a pathologist, cured patients with (including ) completely with Penicillin, having been a student of Alexander Fleming two years previously, and had grown Penicillium notatum (now called ) in some meat. This was the first-ever cure of human with an, and only gained public attention in 1983 when his medical notes were emerged by Prof in an office in. Was working as a professor of pathology from 1931 to 1935 at the city's university, and Paine's work gave impetus for Florey to work out how to purify, but it would be February 1941 before he treated his first patient., discovered by (receiving the 1939 Nobel Prize for Medicine) at in, Germany in 1932, would be the first commercially available (a ) antibiotic., born in Hull although moved to London, developed his well-known and ubiquitous in 1880. From, with, developed the, the first computer storage. Second World War [ ] The RAF's first heavy bomber, the, entered service at RAF Leeming with. On 2 November 1940, RAF Linton-on-Ouse received the first with. Built around 4,500 at its RAF Yeadon shadow factory, and around 700.
Black Dyke Band at the (KKL Luzern) in 2012 The area is well known for its brass bands, with the,,,, and. Have mostly been linked with coal mines. From Hull wrote the hymn tunes for and, and arranged. The Cranbrook tune to was written by, a Kent shoemaker. The are the region's best known authors. The region's most popular city for tourists is York. Castleford is the birthplace of the world-famous sculptor Henry Moore.
Was an important furniture maker, born in Otley in 1718. Is a classic 1987 film made around Bradford; other classic regional films include 's, a 1969 film made in the Barnsley area, a 1997 film made around Sheffield, and, a 1996 film made in the Doncaster and Barnsley area. The has held the national championships for since 1921, held at the in Harrogate, and holds its for other pets. Of Huddersfield pioneered the idea of the in 1974. From Mexborough invented the term in 1944. Was an important social researcher from York, and had a big impact on thinking on the subject.
On 6 January () each year in North Lincolnshire holds its. On each year, near Wakefield, holds the. Regional assembly [ ]. The was a partnership of all local authorities in the region and representatives of various economic, social and environmental sectors. The full Assembly normally met three times a year, normally in February, June and October.
The full Assembly is responsible for providing regional leadership, agreeing regional strategic priorities, directing the development of the Integrated Regional Framework and endorsing key regional strategies. Membership comprises all 22 local authorities in this region, plus 15 Social, Economic and Environmental partners, and the National Parks for planning purposes.
On 31 March 2009, the Assembly was abolished and replaced by, which continues to be based in the former Assembly premises in King Street in. Ipod 4 Keygen Torrent. Yorkshire is one of the two regions (along with the ) that were expected to have a referendum about the establishment of an elected. When the region of England rejected having an elected regional assembly in a referendum, the then announced that he would not move orders for before the relevant provisions expired in June 2005.
European Parliament [ ]. Near Elected candidates are shown in bold.
General Election results in 2017 In the, 39% of the region's electorate voted Labour, 33% Conservative, 16% UKIP, 7% Liberal Democrat and 4% Green. Labour had almost twice as many seats than the Conservatives with 33 Labour, 19 Conservative and 2 Liberal Democrat. There was a 2.5% swing from Conservative to Labour. However, although Labour has around 60% of the region's seats, the geographic spread is mostly Conservative, due to the Labour seats having a much smaller geographic area. Since the when incumbent (Liberal Democrats) was defeated by Labour candidate, all of is now held by Labour, and Labour is concentrated in the other coalfield areas and Hull. M62, built in 1976 As part of the national transport planning system, the is required to produce a to provide long-term planning for transport in the region.
This involves region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by the and. Within the region the local transport authorities plan for the future by producing which outline their strategies, policies and implementation programmes. The most recent LTP is that for the period 2006–11. In the Yorkshire and The Humber region the following transport authorities have published their LTP online: U.A.,, U.A., U.A.,,, and U.A. The M62's route in relation to the four major cities it serves: Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds and Hull. The is Yorkshire's main east-west thoroughfare, and north-south routes are the and the, with only the A1 continuing further north, with an upgrade to motorway status currently being built between and. The other main north-south road in the region is the.
The (continuing as the A180) connects the ports at Grimsby and Immingham via the (). The road connects areas in the North East of the region to the main body of motorways. The M1 was originally designed to finish at the A1 at Doncaster; this section became the M18 in December 1967. The section from the to Leeds (originally known as the Leeds-Sheffield Spur) was essentially designed to replace the, which is still the main road that connects the centres of Sheffield, Barnsley, Wakefield and Leeds, and continues through Harrogate and Ripon to Thirsk.
The M180 is shadowed by the, which is the main road through Scunthorpe. The single-carriageway connects Hull to York, and has been exceeding its designed capacity for many years. The on the M62, looking west, at the end of the M606, north of Cleckheaton The main north-south and east-west routes interchange at a series of junctions to the south and east of Leeds, near Castleford. Leeds and Bradford have inner-city urban motorways, while Sheffield has the and Hull has the Clive Sullivan Way () which connect the city centres with the motorway network. Leeds has an inner-ring road network made mostly out of purpose-built motorway stretches which is mostly sub-terrain to the north of the city centre. Bradford, Huddersfield, Sheffield and York have inner-ring roads made by re-aligning existing roads while Halifax has a town-centre relief scheme made up of the Aachen Way and the North Bridge flyovers. The central office is on the B6159 in east Leeds (Hillcrest House), which processes England and Wales.
The, the tallest bridge in the UK at 538 feet, was the world's longest suspension bridge from 17 July 1981 until 5 April 1998; it was built to connect with a proposed new town near the /M180 interchange. Is the busiest in the region. The central hubs of the rail network in the region are, and. The passes through and, operated by which is based in York. The finishes at, with a less regular service to Leeds, operated.
East-west routes are the to, and through. Leeds has a fairly extensive commuter network and an electrified section in the North of Bradford provides many commuter services. Sheffield has a smaller commuter rail network and there are also less extensive systems in Doncaster, Huddersfield, Wakefield and Harrogate, which connect the districts of the settlements to the centre by rail. The express service between Leeds and Huddersfield is notably quick. And subsidise commuters' travel with discount schemes. Have also been proposed in the area.
However, no scheme has yet been approved. Hull is now connected to the capital with its much-improved service. North Yorkshire has a skeleton train network, with Scarborough and York being the main destinations. The connects to. The runs along the north of the Humber through, and takes in and nearby rural stations south of York, being of great use to commuters to York since being reopened in the 1980s. Is the busiest in the region. Airports in the region are at, (which opened in April 2005 on the former ) near and (which opened in April 1974 on the former ) near in.
Leeds Bradford International Airport is the largest in the region by passenger numbers, Robin Hood boasts the longest runway (2.7 km) of any airport in the region and Humberside Airport boasts an active heliport., a popular low-cost airline at Leeds-Bradford has around fifty aircraft. Formerly served the city of Sheffield. However, the airport struggled to attract many scheduled services and closed following the opening of Robin Hood Doncaster Sheffield Airport. Lying outside of the region (former ) serves the northernmost areas of the region, being next to the River Tees, and less than a mile from on 's northern edge. There are day and night from the region to. Coach services also run directly to from the region. The 4GW 's 850 foot chimney, built in May 1969, is the tallest in the UK; the power station burns 10 million tonnes of coal a year, via 30 trains a day.
It has the second-largest electricity output in, after in western Germany Until 2011, was the charged with improving the Yorkshire and Humber economy, where some 270,000 businesses contribute to an economy worth in excess of £80 billion. With over 5 million people living in the region it ranks alongside some small countries including Ireland, Greece, Norway and Singapore. The region has the second lowest rate of in England. However, Leeds has a much higher average GVA than most of South Yorkshire. Yorkshire until November 2011 was on the Capitol Business Park in, west of the M1 near near the bypass (). The region's was until March 2016 at Saint Martins House in next to, on the former A61, with two other offices at the, off the, and also on St.
Georges Road in the west of Hull; the functions are now represented by the organisation. The office for the region was off the, directly south of Bridgewater Place in, and its successor (in July 2016) Yorkshire and the Humber is at the Digital Media Centre near, run by Mark Robson., the regional, was at the roundabout at the bottom of Kirkstall Road in Leeds, with another office in the north of Sheffield. The charity-funded, established in October 2000, is based at south-east of Wakefield on the A638 (previously at Leeds Bradford Airport) and (previously until 2012 at near Thirsk); the helicopter can land on the main hospitals' roofs. The state-funded is based next to Coca-Cola on the Wakefield 41 Business Park, near the A650. For the area is off the in the north of Sheffield, at the west end of the. See also: Yorkshire in the past has been synonymous with. Many pits closed in the 1990s, with the last two that were open in the Pontefract area at (closed on 18 December 2015) and.
In South Yorkshire, there was and (closed in June 2015). The was very Yorkshire-dominated. Coal still plays a part in the economy – there are two large power stations along the Valley, with Drax being the second largest in Europe with 3,945 of capacity, and Eggborough which is owned by the Czech Republic's (EPH) since 2014 and was owned by until 2010; Ferrybridge C closed on 23 March 2016. The once looked after by the is now looked after by (former YEDL), owned by (since 2001) of. The supply side of the region is now owned by (former, now owned by of, Germany).
29% of the UK's oil is refined on the Humber. See also: is where steel is by (former Corus Group before September 2010 then until June 2016) in the east of the town; it is the largest steelworks in the UK. Crisps are made in, opposite the steel works (former site of Riley's Potato Crisps); the brand originated in Scotland.
(another plant was in before October 2007) make all the beef for in the UK and Ireland at their factory in in the north-west of the town, processing around 7000 cattle a week – about 12,000 kg an hour; 2.25m cattle are killed in the UK each year. (Ecomold before 2008) have a car interiors plant on the Foxhills Ind Est in the north of Scunthorpe off the A1077; to the west, UK (parent company in ) is on the Skippingdale Ind Est, and makes alumninium; further north, (retailer) have their headquarters on the Enterprise Park, in off the B1430. Further south on the Foxhills Ind Est towards the, Wren Kitchens have a large factory in a former warehouse, which closed in 2009; next-door to the north, have a large chicken processing plant (Premier Fresh Foods before 2000), built in 1988 as one of the largest plants of its type in Europe, which processes around 1,900,000 chickens per week (370 chickens per minute, and customers include ).
TSC Foods on the Queensway Ind Estate at the /A1029 roundabout in south-east Scunthorpe supply many foodservice products (sauces) to most UK. Caparo Merchant Bar, next to the steel works in Scunthorpe, are the UK's largest producer of; nearby is British Steel Wire Rod.
Vossloh Cogifer UK (former Corus Cogifer before 2012), a joint venture of (of ) and the former Corus Rail, make to the west of Scunthorpe; also make train tracks too at a huge foundry in Austria are on a next to the A15 at; next door is IG Industries who produce polyethylene films (). There are two large oil refineries west of, owned by () and. Made all of its nappies for Europe at until 2013; since 2016, the site has been the headquarters and factory of. On the B1207 in the north of Hibaldstow, next to the, is the UK's leading maker of architectural precast. County Turf, off the B1207 (Ermine Street) in made the turf for, who replaced Inturf of.
There is a large plant at off the at the meeting point of the New and the Humber (). The 226-acre Grimsby in Great Coates, next to the Europarc in the west of Grimsby; it has been there since 1951, firstly as Ciba (Chemical Industry Basel) making is home of England's (although most fish is transported from the area of Scotland via road), and has many frozen food factories such as. The seafood industry is worth £1.8 billion to North East Lincolnshire; most of Britain's seafood comes from Grimsby. HMRC in the town centre administers the UK's deregistration of for companies, and the VAT Annual Accounting Scheme. Makes motorhomes on the, owned by Paris-based.
Wyndeham Gait is a main printer next to the / roundabout., south of the A180 Pyewipe Roundabout, makes McDonald's. Cofely Fabricom (former GDF SUEZ), an engineering consultancy based on the A1173 in Immingham, work in the oil and gas industry, and nearby to the east is a large plaster board plant. Had an important large fertiliser plant (built by in 1951) on the side of the railway; now and its subsidiary (both owned by of Ireland) make fertiliser there. In Healing (former ) next to the Humber, make (Tencel), where it was first made by Courtaulds in 1988, who owned the site until bought by in 1998; next door is BASF Performance Products (former Ciba). Nearby to south off the A1136/A180 junction is, also in Healing, where mothballed its frozen food factory in 2012; further to east in the former Little Coates is Novartis, Dunlop Oil & Marine (owned by, who make rubber ). Have a biodiesel plant. Grimsby imports around 500,000 vehicles a year.
The area's ports take 15% of Britain's cargo; only Dover takes more. Joseph Rank Ltd in Hull in January 2008 UK (AAK, ) is at Hull Ferry Terminal.
The for the north of England is near King George Dock. (wound management division) and medical and household products companies originated in Hull, and still have large factories there. When merged with the Dutch Benckiser in 1999, much production was moved from Hull to. Is based there near St Andrew's Quay, and are a food-processing company based in the north of Hull, which makes up-market ( Taste the Difference) sausages for Tesco and, and, in West Carr; Cranswick Country Foods have their main site off the B1237 in the north of; nearby to the north is Grocery ( & desserts). () are in Wincolmlee. Croda Europe has a chemical factory on the north side of the in next to River Hull; further south in, have a factory on the west side of the River Hull.
Walker Group in Hull own bathrooms, and the brand. Is a large food company in the west of Hull near the and Hessle. Nearby claim to run the largest processing factory in the world at the junction of the A1166 and the Clive Sullivan Way (A63), which has supplied all of 's peas since June 2008., the plumbing company, now in north Hull next to the (Yorkshire Coast Line), was formed in Hull in 1936., owned by and based nearby, make, and have diversified into and water heaters., who originated there, had some main offices on George Street. On the A1165 at, Hull and, on the Acorn Ind Estate north of Ideal, both make.
(former Fabricom Airport Systems, and owned by Daifuku) makes luggage sorting systems near the B1237/A1033 junction in north Hull. (former Kingston Communications) is an iconic telecommunications company based next to., owned by, made and () on the in until 2015; next door is Willerby Holiday Homes, the UK's largest manufacturer of holiday homes; nearby, is a group of engineering companies for vehicle bodies, on the Kingston International Park on the A1033, opposite Saltend; next door is Atlas Leisure Homes (in Preston). Humdinger (owned by ) on the A1033 makes branded savoury snacks. (part of ) is in north-east Hull.
Europe who claim to be the world's largest manufacturer, in Marfleet, have their own and their. BP Saltend (in ) is Europe's largest producer of, and part of the worldwide BP group; next door, Enterprises makes (VAM) and (bioethanol) is nearby. (former, and under threat of imminent closure) at is known as the Home of the Hawk, and recently made the, with a fully.
Make showers on the Melton West Business Park, south of the A63. Makes in;, off A614/A161 junction on the Grange Park Ind Estate are owned by (former William Baird) of Leeds off Granary Wharf next to Bridgewater Place, which also owns the brand. Timloc, part of, make ventilation for buildings., the chemical company, is in, near the M62/M18 Langham Interchange. In Cottingham are the only UK manufacturer of caravans.
UK have a fertiliser blending plant (former before 2006) on the A1079 on a former in. Bridlington is Europe's largest. There are many bases in, close to the A1, is the largest army base in Europe near, and home of the.
Is an important, though secret, part of NATO's; the at provided courses to prepare for. Was the first place in the UK to get the Apache helicopter in 2003 for the, and has had helicopters since 1991, currently having three squadrons of helicopters.
The helicopters train over the North York Moors. Is at (former RAF Topcliffe, and former HQ of, which is now at ). GCHQ (former Composite Signals Organisation) have a in the west of Scarborough. Is the only RAF station in that flies jet aircraft; the flies from (former RAF Church Fenton), which since 2003 is not much more than a civilian airfield, west of the ECML, mostly in. In the UK are based in York, with in Halifax. (the UK's second largest builder of houses, building around 14,000 houses in 2014) is at the A19/A64 Fulford Interchange. The (who own ), and, which makes equipment such as, are in Huntington off the in the east of York; are next door (formerly in Seamer), and to retail park.
(former until March 2015, then before November 2009) is near the railway station. Chocolate was closed in September 2005 by its new owner, and production moved to Poland. Is based on the in. Hotels UK are based. (credit card insurance) are on Holgate Park on the A59 in the north-west of the city centre; have a large site on Rougier Street (B1227) for equity release, life insurance, and pensions.
At the Laveracks Ind Est on the B1228 in is Europe's largest producer of lawn turf, with its Medallion brand being the UK market leader. Is at Imphal Barracks in Fulford on the A19. Is off the A59, in Acomb Ings in the west of York, which makes toffee and fudge; its old site on is now; the neighbouring plant closed in 2007. Have been made in York since 1925; the brand was bought by Tangerine from Cadbury in 2008. See also:, the UK's main formerly owned by, is on the B6162 at in the west of Harrogate; UK (hotels), is at in the south of the town, where UK is on Hornbeam Park, next to Harrogate College., a world-leading manufacturer of mattresses was for many years off the A61 at, south of Harrogate, until 2003, and from 2008 has now been headquartered in (Cambs).
The Canadian has been in since 1969; UK make systems at south of Scarborough on the B1261 next to McCain, and along the road from the coach builder. (retail) are in., south of the B1261 on the Eastfield Ind Estate, make electrical power supply equipment. Make generator controllers on the Industrial Estate, off the, south of.
Is in; they are the biggest producer of in the UK, and supply., based on the B1257 in make tinned convenience food, and the (also made by of in London). Is based in which is owned by; have made pork pies in since 1928.
Have the UK's second largest cold storage site on the west side of the A1 at (the largest is now in in Cambridgeshire). Theakston Visitor Centre in Masham is at, owned by Heineken UK, which started brewing in May 2010, and. At, there is the and the. Is in Skipton., the iconic pram manufacturer named after Silver Cross Street in Leeds, is headquartered in at the junction of the and west of Skipton, although its Heritage prams are made in (most are made overseas). Next to (close to the Lancashire boundary) Products UK make.
The have a main office at Northallerton. On the A61 Ripon bypass near the B6265 roundabout are Britain's leading manufacturer of. Is at Topcliffe on the east side of the, on a; they built the Olympic International Broadcast Centre in London. At another at, further south, built the, the glowing Olympic Rings, and the aerial stage objects. Optare bus factory in North Yorkshire, off the B1222, who own, was on the A61 at the western end of until 2016.
Make gliders and planes in, on the. (part of ), next to Slingsby make (ROVs), who have helped to develop the. Based at Malton, are a pork processor, formerly part of. South of Selby, Glass UK (Solaglas) has made float glass for windows since 2000 next to the A19 at the A645 roundabout, directly south of the. Make buses on a large industrial estate in (previously in in Leeds before May 2011), and have been part of since 2012.
West and South [ ]. See also: is based in Bradford; it has 132,000 staff and opened its first supermarket in 1961 in a converted cinema; it turned over £17.6bn in 2015, and is the region's second largest company. Also in Bradford are,,,,,, the (owned by since 2000) catalogue retailer, and. (former ) has its division there.
The bank (former Building Society) is based in Halifax, the (owned by and the ) and in Leeds, and with (former ) and (former Northern Rock) in. The area between Leeds, Bradford and Wakefield is known as the.
Factory off the A650 (Tong Street), the view on Dawson Lane of Bradford was Britain's first firm in 1890, bought by UK (French) and closed in 2009; it is now the site of Redcats UK in the north of the town centre. BASF Performance Products ( until 2008, then Allied Colloids before 1997) is in; it makes many chemicals including., on the B6381 near the junction with at, are a leading measuring instruments company, and part of Spear & Jackson.
Is off the A650 in central Bradford, opposite the; next door have a call centre., off the in east Bradford, makes automotive parts ( and ). Have their main factory south of the A650 at; have a large warehouse nearby. Turbo Systems make automotive (including ) on the Euroway Ind Est off the M606, and produces around 750,000 a year; is nearby.
Knightsbridge Furniture is on the in Lister Hills. UK ( before 2008), make chemicals for, between and. (luxury clothing) is in parish, south of the city centre. (owned since 2016 by ) in is the global market leader in; Pace bought part of, and based its set top boxes on the, which it owned. Make in; HMRC (former Inland Revenue) have their main national payments office () between the River Aire and the Leeds Liverpool canal at Shipley, opposite Salt's Mill, in a hexagonal building; (owned by ) are based off the, and make metal machines.
Is on Baildon Business Park on the A6038, and make equipment (in Portsmouth). Is Europe's largest corporate clothing supplier in, off the A629. UK, at on the B6265, make CNC-controlled.
Cat's eyes, invented in Halifax in 1933, where were invented by, are in, in the north of Halifax. Novecare UK are at, south of Halifax, and make for cosmetics; to the north make abrasives at off the B6114 (which leads to the ) with the company's UK HQ in Brighouse. (owned by ) is north-east of Halifax in in. Cake Company (Jamaica Ginger and cakes, and ) is in west Halifax. (horse ) are near the A58/A629 roundabout in the north of the town centre and the A58 bridge over.
Crosslee plc, south of on the A644 towards, is Europe's largest independent manufacturer, under the White Knight brand., an electronics firm that makes, are on the at, Hebden Bridge. UK () are at Atlas Mill, Brighouse; (control valves) are in the east of Brighouse off the. Bedford Shelving are to the west. () are next to the River Calder in and (hardware), near. DTS UK, supply its own and aircraft tow tractors from Lowfields Business Park, next to the River Calder off the in; nearby make Hopkinson and Batley brands of valves.
(part of Northern Foods) and are in; (High Seat Ltd) are on Grange Road Ind Est (B6128) in the east of Batley, north of. UK (former Morton International, making chemicals) is on the B6117 in, on the south edge of Heckmondwike. Make automotive components in, and was the first company in the UK to mould plastic in the First World War.
Make car furnishings on the in. Make (Mintex part of BBA) off the A638 at, Cleckheaton; Tangerine Confectionery (Lion Confectionery) is on the. UK () is in the centre of Cleckheaton. Mars Complementary Petcare is off the A62 on the Oakwell Way Ind Estate at Birstall, next to; nearby is, a sports website firm.
Is in east of Huddersfield. Syngenta (former, then Agrochemicals until 1993) works on the in Huddersfield; it makes and insecticide is in in Huddersfield; this company owned from 1947 to 1972 and the company is now part of. In Huddersfield are (former ) who make, make automotive components, who own and (), () and (plumbing retail). To the east of Fired Up is (owned by ) at the /B6432 junction., make industrial centrifuges in central Huddersfield. Many fabric companies are in Huddersfield and the surrounding areas;, owned by of Bradford, wove cloth for the; are in the centre. Produced the glass for the.
Is the UK's largest bath manufacturer in in west Huddersfield next to the River Colne. Healthcare is on the A62 next to the in. () are in Meltham. At the A62/A644 junction in Mirfield are Europe's largest producer of. (fabrics for public transport) is based at Hopton Mills, south of Mirfield, with a manufacturing site off the B6108 in the east of Meltham, and makes the upholstery for London buses; further north next to River Calder is a site of in the south of Mirfield. Overlooked by the Emley Moor tower at the Grange Moor Roundabout off the and (towards Wakefield) at in is, previously owned by until 2012.
Haribo factory in Pontefract on the A639 in the centre of the town near station (owned by ) were in and closed in 2005. (previously owned by Asda) was in until 2011. Nestle made and in until 2012 then made in Halifax, and makes liquorice and in. Had a main clothing factory in Castleford until the end of 2015, which is planned to move to Leeds. Cott Beverages are between the A645 and the in the east of Pontefract (former before 2006); (former Cadbury-owned ) make (the UK's best-selling) popcorn north of Cott Beverages, near, on the site which claims to be the birthplace of liquorice. Is in the south of, with sites at and Wheatley (Doncaster). (former Bagley's before 1994) makes, between the A645 and the, and further along the A645, recycle solvents.
Lubricants UK is in Knottingley (Ferrybridge Hill) on the B6136. (concrete) is in the south-east of Knottingley, with a large site at next to a where (Danish) make; both sites imported (PFA) from the former Eggborough power station; in east Knottingley, off the A645, Croda Hydrocarbons (bitumen) closed in 2008.
Chesterfield Special Cylinders, directly north of Meadowhall on the B6082, on the former site of the historic Sheffield is known for its steel industry, which has declined in recent years. (former Stainless) near the make stainless steel, just north of the former airport, with access via the. Polestar is on the A631 in former Brinsworth, now in Sheffield (Tinsley).On the opposite side of the A631 is UK, part of the world's main fencing manufacturer, and its second biggest plant; near the start of the A631 is (owned by since 2014). Nearby, Nederman UK make fume extraction equipment. And make razor blades and on the B6082 in Wood Hill. Nearby (owned by ) on the A6102 at Darnall, fabricate steel and it has one of largest engineering workshops in western Europe. In the same area is.
Gripple factory on the A6109 in make cutlery in, in the east of the Shalesmoor A61 roundabout, which owns,, (who make the ), and, the world's oldest brand of cutlery known for their pen-knives and., on the B6083 in next to the River Don, makes diesel-electric systems that can be retro-fitted to vehicles. Is the UK's market leader in rotary cutting tools on the A6178 in Brightside. Forgings is at off the. Make connectors for wire. Is off the A6109, in the industrial area. In built the rectractable-roof for the., at Tinsley off the next to the M1, claim to have the most advanced plant in Europe. Tinsley Bridge off the A631 makes and.
(Europe's largest insulation distributor) and are at the former, with a manufacturing plant off the A631 on the Ind Estate next to the M18, and had a former site on the B6075 in Sheffield. UK is on Sheffield Business Park near the former airport, with, who own the Banner stationery company, and (Fluent and CFX software) has one of two main offices., owned by since 2016, are in the south of Sheffield, near off the A61; Hi Gear Products, their brand is on the Boston Street Ind Est. At the former factory in (formerly Bassett's) make in the north of Sheffield on the next-door to; it is Cadbury's Gum & Liquorice division, and also makes and for UK market.
Is a world-leading manufacturer of blades and medical equipment at Owlerton opposite Bassetts on the A61. (owned by ), (owned by Ufi Ltd),, and are in the city centre. Virgin Media have a main contact centre (former Telewest) directly south of Don Valley Stadium, and next to the tram line., the company, are in the north of Sheffield.
Is at, next to the roundabout in Chapeltown, and Ronseal (owned by ) is nearby further south on northern edge of Chapeltown. In Sheffield is the leading developer of simulation on the B6069 near. Primary Mill continuous casting site in (Rotherham) in December 2007 were in, before 2008, and make their nuts in Eastwood, to the north of the town. MTL Group, a steel fabrication company, is based off the in who claim to have the largest in the world (made by ). Is home of Liberty Speciality Steels's main, its main R&D centre in the UK, opposite on the., run by Liberty Speciality Steels (former Corus Steel Narrow Strip), is opposite the Magna museum, south of the A6178, and makes narrow strip steel. The makes steel billets and blooms – with an with a melting shop, and is also known as Aldwarke Works.
Is east of the river off the A630, making steel bar, in a rolling mill. The is off the A6123, on the west side of the railway next to Rawmarsh, making, in a rolling mill. These three sites around are known as. (owned by ) makes glass containers off the A6123 north of. UK (owned by ) is on Waverley Business Park (Advanced Manufacturing Park) in, off the B6066 next to Morrisons. (owned by the ) make at, south of near the M1 junction 31 with the. UK (former ) make doors on Swallownest Ind Est on the B6200 in.
Were nearby until November 2006, based off the B6200 at Aston cum Aughton, at which steel, and clutch plates were cast at its foundry. Is on the B6059 next to, mostly in (east of Wales). Macalloy threaded tension bar at in Russia in Dinnington is a world-leader in tension bar. Fresh-Pak Chilled Foods, off the A633 at Waterside Park,, make most of the (250 tonnes a week) found in British sandwiches and for. And are based between and.
Is based on the former site of in, off the A6023, with the call centre of (former ) broadband next door. The () is nearby, next to, which also looks after. In is the UK's largest producer of domestic, producing 2.5 million a year, and Europe's leading radiator company, based off the A6022. MGB Plastics, on the A6123 in north Rotherham on Barbot Hall Ind Estate, are the UK's largest manufacturer of, making around 1 million per year. ASOS (former before 2010) being built in 2006 at Little Houghton North-east of Barnsley is Ardagh Glass at Monk Bretton.
Slightly further north is Mr Kipling at Carlton; the site was (making their, and ) before April 1995, then RHM's Manor Bakeries until 2007, and makes their exceedingly good fruit pies; one million chocolate are made there and it is the largest factory in the world. (Frozen Value Ltd) is next to the, off the A637 at Darton. Are in Barnsley, and to the east on the in Oakwell, (former ) make for. (bought by in January 2008) and are at near Barnsley.
On the Claycliffe Ind Estate, off the A637 in the north of Barnsley, makes (steel reinforcement). Naylor Industries, off the B6096 between Wombwell and make pipes for drainage. UK make switches and off the at Highgate in. On the Bypass at is the NDC of, in the, near the former site of. (owned since 2012 by ) is off the north of, north-west of Sheffield, in. Is at near the A1/ junction.
Have their main factory in on the in north-east Doncaster. Have a headquarters next to, who make, off the near at the J3 Business Park, near VolkerRail; nearby are two Amazon, with another at the in Rossington. (former Marriage Guidance Council) is based off the A6182 – and on same site Doncaster is next to (former EWS), UK, and Thales have a data centre next door. Have their UK headquarters next to Lakeside Village, Doncaster on the A6182, and make sunroofs and. Had a tractor plant in Doncaster until 2007., a world-leading manufacturer of wire ropes (part of ), are based at Balby Carr, off St Catherines Interchange junction 3 of the M18, and () are headquartered there, with a manufacturing site at; nearby are have been trading for over 100 years, and are the market leader in permanent fencing. (owned by ) are near the A630 in Balby Carr, further along from Bridon, with opposite with who manufacture. Sean Paul Dutty Rock Itunes Download. ( pipes) is in.
CME Sanitary Systems in Warmsworth (a former division of Polypipe, now owned by of France) makes the UK's best selling plastic off the Warmsworth Interchange of the A1(M). UK (stationery) is based on West Moor Park, off West Moor Interchange junction 4 of the M18 () in. UK (plumbing) is off the B6376 in. See also: and The is in north-east Sheffield, towards; it is the home of many indoor national sports teams, and. The, off the B6459 at in, west of Bingley, is the world authority on natural and artificial sports turf. Sheffield is the home of UK climbing, being near the, and most well-known climbs are at, and.
Football [ ] The region is home to numerous and clubs. Leeds United, Sheffield Wednesday, Sheffield United and Huddersfield Town are the most successful clubs in the region in terms of trophies won, each winning 9, 9, 5 and 4 major trophies respectively. Leeds United are the most successful club in terms of European appearances and success, they have also been the on 3 occasions, more than any other English club., founded in October 1857, is the world's oldest football club still in existence; they play in the. The world's first inter-club match took place on 26 December 1860 between this club and.
Introduced numbered shirts. The introduced, and. On 9 May 1867 from introduced football to South America in Argentina, founding. Here is a list of the Football League clubs in the region ranked in their final league position in the. •, 18th in the demoted to the. •, 4th in the Championship.
•, 5th in the Championship promoted to the Premier League via play-offs. •, 7th in the Championship. •, 14th in the Championship. •, 24th in the Championship relegated to.
•, 1st in League One promoted to the Championship. •, 3rd in League One. •, 5th in League One. •, 3rd in promoted to League One.
•, 14th in League Two. Rugby League [ ]. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Secondary education [ ] Schools are mostly comprehensive, with some in North Yorkshire, Calderdale and Kirklees. There are around 235,000 at the region's secondary schools, the 4th lowest for English regions. The region has the highest overall rate in England for both urban and rural areas.
Inside the region for districts, Leeds has the highest rate with 6.9% persistent truants at secondary school, then Hull is second with 6.3%. Calderdale has the lowest truancy rate for unitary authorities, almost half that of Leeds, followed. For districts has the lowest rate. The schools in Hull have often performed among the worst (on average) in England at after in Merseyside. To Hull's credit, three schools in its LEA get above-average GCSE results whereas Knowsley usually has none (it managed two in 2010). Also at GCSE, schools in Barnsley and Bradford have low-achieving results with Barnsley the worst of these, and the lowest in the region in 2010. All three of these areas coincidentally have an above-average problem.
In past years, Doncaster would be included in this group, but has managed to perform much better. For the metropolitan areas, Calderdale and Wakefield consistently perform the best, with both above the England average. Rotherham usually has the best results in South Yorkshire, but in 2010 it was Doncaster. York and North Yorkshire consistently perform the best at GCSE in the region, and with the East Riding of Yorkshire have results above the UK average. Schoolchildren in Kingston upon Hull are most likely not to pass any GCSEs – over 6% with Bradford having a similar proportion, closely followed by Sheffield and North East Lincolnshire. The East Riding of Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire have the fewest not passing any GCSEs, followed by York. For OFSTED inspections across England, the region has the highest proportion of schools (2.7%) with bad behaviour and the lowest proportion (16.3%) of schools with good behaviour.
Has the best behaving schoolchildren. Inside the region, Hull has the highest proportion (16.7%) of schools with bad behaviour – the worst in England (Wandsworth and Bristol come joint second) – and York schools have the highest proportion (30%) of schools with outstanding behaviour. At North Lincolnshire, Kirklees, Hull, York and North Yorkshire perform quite well with Kirklees consistently being the best by a large margin and one of the highest in England, all having results above the England average. Wakefield and Calderdale were also close to the England average. The excellent Kirklees result is due to Greenhead College in Huddersfield, and North Lincolnshire's results are due to the, also a. The districts of South Yorkshire perform the least in the area at A-level with Rotherham having the best results in this area, slightly below-average, and the other three districts achieve similar results, much lower than those in the former districts of Humberside.
Leeds and Bradford now get the lowest results in West Yorkshire. For both A-level and GCSE, Barnsley and Bradford are very low performing, with Barnsley usually getting the lowest A-level results in the region, but in 2010 North East Lincolnshire came bottom with unusually low results. Hull and northern Lincolnshire have a wide socio-economic diversity – many under-achieving pupils at 16 but with high performers at A-level. Hull, although much worse at GCSE, outperforms the East Riding of Yorkshire at A-level. School children in North Yorkshire (with York and Kirklees) are the most likely to go to university – they also get the best A level results, and those in the East Riding of Yorkshire are likely to go to university, but get lower overall A level results.
Top twenty state schools in Yorkshire and the Humber (2015 A-level results) [ ]. The University of Sheffield's (1966) is the tallest university building in the UK at 78 metres (255 ft), although 's decorative is 87 metres (287 ft) and the 's is around 100 metres (330 ft) [ ] There are ten universities and three higher education colleges in Yorkshire and the Humber, along with (in 2007) 27 Further Education colleges teaching some Higher Education courses. The was discovered at the in 1937. Were developed by the in 1972, in conjunction with the in. Low fat spreads were developed at the (in conjunction with ) in the 1980s, and in the 1930s 's experiments at the university started the road to the discovery of the double helix structure.
Sheffield Hallam University is the largest in the region with 37,000 students, but does not have the most funding. The University of Leeds is not too far behind. The University of York, a large campus similar to a, gets much less funding than Leeds and Sheffield, but has quite a high research grant for its size, about half that of Leeds or Sheffield. The other universities do not have large research grants. Leeds and Sheffield have around twice as much total income than any other university.
York and Bradford are the two smallest universities. [ ] For first degree students at universities in the region, 27% are native to the region, 16% are from and 11% from the; 48% are from Northern England and around 25% from Southern England. [ ] Access to the M62 determines the regions from which the region's universities' students originate from – the nearer they are to the motorway the easier it is to study in the Yorkshire and Humberside region. [ ] [ ] For first degree students native to the region, 43% stay in the region, 16% go to the North West, 11% to the North East and 11% to the; just under 10% go to, with 70% staying in.
Once graduated, 53% of the region's universities' graduates (native and non-native) stay to find work in the region, with around 10% moving to the North West (Manchester); 70% stay in Northern England, with 20% going to Southern England. BBC in • Local BBC Television comes from,, and in. Is on Kirkstall Road to the west of Leeds city centre, which broadcasts and some national programming. And also cover parts of the region. Took place in August 2011 for most of the region, with (the main TV transmitter for West and South Yorkshire) converting to in mid-September.
Emley Moor is the tallest free-standing structure in the UK, and the 25th, and was designed. The original tower famously collapsed in March 1969. • BBC Radios,, and. Radio Humberside's transmitter covers most of the region, and beyond. • Local commercial stations include (Barnsley), (Bradford), (Doncaster), (Grimsby), (Harrogate), (Huddersfield), (Hull),, (Leeds), (//), (Sheffield), (), (), (Wakefield), (formerly Galaxy Yorkshire), (York) and 107.8 Beverley FM.
• National radio is broadcast from in the south-east, for North Yorkshire, and for South and West Yorkshire. East of near the M62 is a main transmitter on 909MW. • Local newspapers are the,,,,,,,,,, and. • Polestar Petty in central Leeds, with, for many years printed,, and many colour supplements, including the weekend magazine, but closed in December 2014.
Of Moor, south of the A59 east of A1(M) junction 47, printed the, until the site closed at the end of 2015. Polestar Chantry, off the A650 on the Wakefield 41 estate, prints,,, Real Life,,,,, Red, and. Polestar Sheffield prints the magazine, and. • Yorkshire and Humberside are very supportive in their approach to theatre and performance festivals and hold regional championships for young performers every 2 years. The championship is sectioned in Dance, Music and Speech & Drama. The most recent championship was held on Saturday 8 September, at St Margaret's Church Hall, Horsforth in Leeds. Helen Wilson, of Harrogate, titled Music Champion and with 17-year-old Lee Peart, of Cleethorpes, winning the Speech & Drama championship.
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